Melaka is the third smallest state in Malaysia after Perlis and Penang. It is located in the southern region of the Malay Peninsula, next to the Straits of Malacca. It borders Negeri Sembilan to the north and Johor to the south. It is about 148 km from Kuala Lumpur, 235 km from Johor Bahru and 245 km north of Singapore.
The state is divided into 3 districts: Central Malacca, Alor Gajah, and Jasin. The state includes 2 islands, Pulau Besar and Pulau Upeh.
Malaysia has an equatorial climate with uniform temperatures throughout the year. Temperatures range from 32°C during the day to 22°C at night.
The Malaysian currency is the Malaysian Ringgit(MYR). The current exchange rates (updated 16 Nov 2012):
1 USD to MYR = 3.06
1 GBP to MYR = 4.86
1 EURO to MYR = 3.89
1 SGD t0 MYR = 2.50
100 JPY to MYR = 3.85
Malays who make up about 57% of the population in Malaysia are the predominant group with Chinese, Indians and other ethnic groups making up the rest.
Bahasa Melayu (Malay) is the national language but English is widely spoken. The ethnic groups also speak various languages and dialects.
Islam in the official religion but all other religions are freely practiced.